As unbelievable as it may seem, the Bhutanese have made a lifelong commitment to preserve its ancient heritage. Bhutan glorifies its own isolation and fights shy of unrestrained development and external influence. There is no country in the world the kind of tradition and culture that one can see in Bhutan. Bhutan boasts of its cultural uniqueness.
Cradled in the folds of the Himalayas, Bhutan has relied on its geographic isolation to protect itself from outside cultural influences. Bhutan is a sparsely populated country bordered by India to the South and Tibet Region of China to the North. Druk Yul, the blessed land of the Thunder Dragon, where the teachings of the enlightened Lord Buddha & Guru Rimpochhe continue to flourish.
Bhutan has maintained a policy of strict isolationism, both culturally and economically, aimed to preserve its cultural heritage and independence. Only in the last decades of the 20th century were foreigners allowed to visit the country in a limited numbers. Resultant of chich, Bhutan has successfully preserved many aspects of its culture dating directly back to the mid-17th century.
Modern Bhutanese Culture derives from ancient culture. This culture affected the early growth of Bhutan. Bhutanese languages are closely related to Tibetan and Bhutanese read and write the ancient variant of the Tibetan language known as Chheokey. While there are over 22 main dialects, Dzongkha is the national language of Bhutan.
Dzongkha means the language spoken in the Dzong "Fortresses". The Dzong architecture characterizes monasteries established throughout the country by its unifier - Ngawang Namgyel, the first Zhabdrung Rimpochhe in the Bhutanese society is centered on the practice of Buddhist traditions. Buddhism is the main religion. Religious beliefs are evidenced in all aspects of life. Prayer flags flutter on hillsides, symbolizing offering up prayers to benefit all sentient. Every house has a small white flag on the roof indicating the owner has made his offering to appease the local god.
Buddhism is part of daily life in Bhutan. Monasteries uniformly pepper the country and are present almost everywhere to let out spiritual steam. Bhutan is the place among the most ancient Buddhist spiritual sites.